The industrial revolution which flourished in the 19th century was characterised by an abrupt technological development. However, in the aesthetic and artistic areas there appeared a romantic turn to past. Old stylistic trends were exploited and reinterpreted. Gothic style was especially appreciated. The furnishings of the church of St. Barbara in Radawnica from the second half of the 19th century was made in the Neogothic style. The reference to Gothic period came form emotional and aesthetic grounds: people looked for spirituality and mysticism in art, which was so characteristic for Middle Ages. Neogothic style was characterised by freedom in the use of the resource of Gothic forms connected with antique and even oriental motifs.
Gothic style was imitated by the use of pointed arches, towering pinnacles, i.e. decorations which surmounted altars with ornamental floral motifs.
In the lower part of the altar a half-bodied, realistic bas-relief of the Last Supper was placed. The motif is also characteristic for Neogothic style – it marks out by the domination of realistic figural sculptures, which often pop up in Catholic and Protestant churches.
Procedures of the refining of altar materials are characteristic for this period. Among others, so called graining was used in order to imitate growth rings of timber, e.g. oak, and increase the value of pinewood which the altar was made of.