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Wielki Buczek: church of Holy Trinity

Date of construction: 1729-1734

In the church in Wielki Buczek one can see an exceptional and extremely valuable painting which is almost 400 years old. What does the symbolical painting present? Who was portrayed?

The painting was placed in a richly decorated altar. It represents a Mannerist style – a trend in art which lasted for a very short time. Not many objects from the period remained which is why they are very highly valued. Where does the characteristic name of the style come from?

Monuments Project effects

Wooden monuments
Wielki Buczek: church of Holy Trinity

Herman Han’s prominent work of art is in the church. He was a very popular artist who in 1622 painted “The Coronation of the Holy Virgin Mary” for a church in the seaside town of Puck. Similar altarpieces were later made for cathedrals in Pelpin and Oliwa which attests for the artist’s high position. The altar from Puck made its way to Wielki Buczek thanks to the local founders.

What could the locals from Wielki Buczek feel when they looked at the painting 400 years ago? Probably respect and admiration for the work. The painting, full of symbolism, had to tell a story: the crowned Mary became the symbol of Catholic faith in the time of religious tumult and reformation.

The painting is in the form of so called Mystical Goblet. In its “bowl” the final scene is taking place: the kneeling Mother of God is being crowned by God the Father and Christ.

In the upper corners choirs of angels and patron saints are depicted.

At the bottom we can see images of representatives of the secular and church authorities and the nobles of the time. Steadfast to the Catholic faith, the figures were presented as role-models to everyone who admired the painting.

In the copestone of the altar there is the painting “Annunciation”, probably also by Han.

The altar was built in the first quarter of the 17th century in the Mannerist style, probably by workers of a workshop from the Royal Prussia region (maybe from Pelplin?). Mannerism originates from the Renaissance and constitutes its changed, reshaped (mannered, bizarre) artistic form. The woodcarvers of the day conducted experiments with timber in the search of new shapes. What was important was the effect of surprise, illusion and fanciful originality of ideas.

The altar has a complex composition: it possesses many floral motifs in the shape of elaborate tendril ornament or leaves curled in a sophisticated way. The form and colours are a surprise – yellow shades were matched here with violet, and green with pink.

The architectural part of the altar is densely decorated with angels’ heads.

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Wielki Buczek: church of Holy Trinity

Useful information

Wielki Buczek: church of Holy Trinity


Wielki Buczek 19, 77-420 Lipka
tel.: 67 266 56 26


Sundays: 8.30 am, 11.30 am

working days: 5.00 pm (winter), 6.00 pm (summer)

Indulgence date

Trinity Sunday

The project is co-financed by European Union subsidy as a part of European Regional Development Fund